Dr.B.Krishnamurthy's Blog

Selection Grade Lecturer & Head, Dept. Of Commerce, R.T.E.S.College, Ranebennur

The New Rating Methodology – A look at NAAC’s Evaluation criteria

with one comment

Published in ‘The Hindu‘, Bangalore Edition, 31 Mar 2008

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India is one of the largest higher educational system in the world, having more than 400 Universities, 18,000 Colleges and 11 million students enrollment. The present enrollment is just 8 per cent which is very low compared with world average of 23 per cent. The 11th five year plan is targeting to raise the enrollment rate to 15 per cent at the end of the plan.

Today we are in the era of quality and excellence in education. Many of the higher educational institutions are voluntarily assessing their quality of education through an independent external agency NAAC and are proudly exhibiting their accreditation status.

The National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) is an autonomous institution of the University Grants Commission (UGC) entrusted with the responsibility of Assessment and Accreditation of Colleges and Universities in India. It has redesigned its on-going methodologies with the changing context of world wide higher education scenario.

The new methodology of assessment and accreditation of higher educational institutions came in to effect from 1st April 2007. The newly adopted grading system is on the lines of internationally accepted system i.e. the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA). The new methodology is applicable for Accreditation, Re-assessment and Re-accreditation of HEIs.

 

What is CGPA?

The CGPA refers to the weighted mean value of all the grade points earned by the institution for its quality parameters.

The instrument for assessment and accreditation has been designed with seven criteria as quality parameters into criterion-wise Key Aspects. There are 36 key aspects and each key aspect is further differentiated into assessment indicators to be used as guidelines / probes by assessors to capture the micro level quality pointers.

The key aspects under each criterion have their own weightages according to the relative importance of the said key aspect in the context of the type of institution. There are specified diferential weightages according to the type of institution (University, Autonomous College, Affiliated / Constituent Colleges)

How is CGPA Calculated?

For the key aspect under a criterion based on the assessment indicators, quality points are assigned to a specific letter grade i.e. 4 for A; 3 for B; 2 for C and 1 for D;. Eg: Curriculum Design and development, the weightage is 50 and the key aspect grade is B i.e. 3 points then the key aspect grade point average is 50 X 3 = 150 total grade points and so on.

The summarized total grade points of all the key aspects under each criterion will be calculated with appropriate weightages based on the above points.

The summary of all these weighted scores are divided by the total weightage i.e. 1000, the sum obtained will be the final institutional quality level on four point scale.

 Calculation of Cumulative Grade Point Average of ‘X’ College

Cr.No.

Criterion – wise Key Aspects

Weightages

 

Grade points obtained by  X College

Key Aspect GP

KAGP Weightage (4 X 5)

Total Grade Points

University

Autonomous Colleges

Affiliated/Constituent Colleges

1

2

3

4

5

6

1.1 Curriculum design & development

90

50

10

3

10 x 3

30

1.2 Academic flexibility

30

20

15

2

15 x 2

30

1.3 Feedback on Curriculum

10

10

10

4

10×4

40

1.4 Curriculum update

10

10

05

3

05×3

15

1.5  Best practices in curriculum aspects

10

10

10

3

10×3

30

Total

150

100

50

145

GPA for Creterion I : Curricular Aspects = 145/50= 2.9

 = (10 x X 1.1) + (15 x X 1.2) + (10 x X 1.3) + (5 x X 1.4) +(10 x X 1.5)

                      =  (10 x 3) + (15 x 2) +(10×4) + (05×3) +(10×3) = 145 / 50 = 2.9

In the same way other criterions are calculated

2.1 Admission Process and student profile

20

30

30

3

30 x 3

90

2.2 Catering to diverse needs

20

35

45

3

45 x 3

135

2.3 Teaching-learning process

90

170

270

3

270 x 3

810

2.4 Teacher Quality

60

65

65

2

65 x 2

130

2.5 Evaluation process and reforms

50

40

30

2

30×2

60

2.6 Best practices in teaching, learning and evaluation

10

10

10

3

10×3

30

          Total

250

350

450

1255

GPA for Creterion II : Teaching-learning and evaluation = 1255 / 450 = 2.78

3.1 Promotion of Research

40

30

15

3

15 x 3

45

3.2 Reserch and Publication Output

90

50

25

2

25 x 2

50

3.3 Consultancy

20

10

05

2

5 x 2

10

3.4 Extension activities

30

40

40

3

40 x 3

120

3.5 Collaborations

10

10

05

4

5 x 4

20

3.6 Best practices in research, Consultancy and Extension

10

10

10

3

10 x 3

30

Total

200

150

100

275

GPA for Creterion III : Research, Consultancy and Extension = 275/100= 2.75

4.1 Physical Facilities

20

20

20

3

20 x 3

60

4.2 Maintenance of infrastructure

10

10

10

2

10 x 2

20

4.3 Library as a learning resource

35

35

35

3

35 x 3

105

4.4 ICT as learning resources

15

15

15

3

15 x 3

45

4.5 Other facilities

10

10

10

4

10 x 4

40

4.6 Best practices in the development of infrastructure and learning resources

10

10

10

3

10 x 3

30

Total

100

100

100

300

GPA for Creterion IV : Infrastructure and learning resources = 300/100= 3.0

5.1 Student progression

30

30

30

4

30 x 4

120

5.2 Student Supoort

30

30

30

3

30 x 3

90

5.3 Student activities

30

30

30

2

30 x 2

60

5.4 Best practices in student support and progression

10

10

10

1

10 x 1

10

Total

100

100

100

280

GPA for Creterion V : Student support and progression = 280/100= 2.8

6.1 Institutional vision and leader ship

15

15

15

2

15 x 2

30

6.2 Organizational arrangements

20

20

20

2

20 x 2

40

6.3 Strategy development and deployment

30

30

30

3

30 x 3

90

6.4 Human resource management

40

40

40

2

40 x 2

80

6.5 Financial management and resource mobilization

35

35

35

3

35 x 3

105

6.6 Best practices in governance and leader ship

10

10

10

2

10 x 2

20

Total

150

150

150

365

GPA for Creterion VI : Governances and leadership = 365/150 = 2.43

7.1 Internal quality assurance systems

20

20

20

2

20 x 2

40

7.2 Inclusive practices

15

15

15

2

15 x 2

30

7.3 Stake holder relation ships

15

15

15

4

15 x 4

60

Total

50

50

50

130

GPA for Criterion  VII. Innovative Practices =130/50 = 2.6

Total Score

1000

1000

1000

 

 

The GPA of Affiliated / Constituent College is:

Creterion-I        :       GPA = X1 = 2.9                      Creterion-II                : GPA = X2 = 2.78

Creterion-III      :       GPA = X3 = 2.75                     Creterion-IV             : GPA = X4 = 3.0

Creterion-V       :       GPA = X5 = 2.8                       Creterion-VI             : GPA = X6 = 2.43

Creterion-VII    :      GPA = X7 = 2.6

The average of  all Seven Creterions : 19..27 / 7 = 2.75

OR

CGPA = Total Grade Points of all Creterions/1000

= (50 x X 1) + (450 x X2) + (100 x X3) + (100 x X4) +(100 x X5) + (150 x X6) + (50 x X7)

= 145 + 1255 + 275 + 300 + 280 + 365 + 130   = 2750/1000 = 2.75

Thus, the over all CGPA of the Affiliated / Constituent College is 2.75, the performance descriptor “ Good ” and the letter grade “B”

In the same way the CGPA of a University / Autonomous College can be evaluated.

Final Grading of the Institution:

The final CGPA of an Institution is declared on a 4-Point Scale, with grades and grade description.

Sl.No.

Range of CGPA

Letter Grade

Performance Descriptor

1

3.01 – 4.00

A

Very Good (Accredited)

2

2.01 -3.00

B

Good (Accredited)

3

1.51 – 2.0

C

Satisfactory (Accredited)

4

 _< 1.50

D

Unsatisfactory (Not accredited)

What is New?

The new methodology made some modifications in nomenclature of the VI Criteria as Grievance & leadership, Criteria VII as Innovative Practices. Further, differential weightages for different type of institution were introduced. More weightage (45%) was given to affiliated college on teaching – learning evaluation and research, consultancy and extension by University (20%). The best practices on each criteria is included in all the first six criterions. Qualitative measurements are converted to grade points. The relative evaluation would be more exact, due to reductions in variations and standard deviations.

Conclusion:

NAAC has planned the complete the first cycle of assessment of all HEIs by the end of 11th five year plan in a phased manner. It is a challenging task, requires a good number of peers as assessors not only having professional skills, but also take in to consideration the founding and development of the institution, as well as the geographical area i.e. whether the college is situated in a rural or urban area. There fore I suggest that the assessment but also a monitoring to be set up to ensure the running of the said institution according to the given criteria.

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Written by drbkrishnamurthy

September 24, 2011 at 5:51 pm

One Response

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  1. VERY GOOD

    Vijay BV

    August 19, 2012 at 9:08 am


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